“Breast ultrasound is the fundamental complement to mammography and does not produce radiation”

Ultrasonography or medical ultrasound technique uses high-frequency sound waves to study organs and anatomical structures. It is a non-invasive examination that does not produce radiation, with multiple applications in different specialties.

Breast ultrasound is performed with ultrasound scanners with very high frequency transducers to obtain high-resolution breast tissue images. It is mainly used as a complementary method to mammography findings or as a first test in young patients.

It provides purely morphological information, but together with the color Doppler technique, it provides functional information on breast pathology.

The simultaneous use of 3D or 4D ultrasound technique in real time offers added information on the three-dimensional volume of the lesions.

Elastography or elastosonography is a non-invasive method in which stiffness or tension imaging of soft tissues is used to detect or classify tumors, since a suspicious tumor or cancerous growth is normally 5 to 28 times stiffer than the normal soft tissue bottom.

Therefore, when mechanical compression or vibration is applied, the tumor deforms less than the surrounding tissue. This hardness of the lesions is represented on a color scale.

Elastography exists within the field of diagnostic imaging as a useful complementary examination to discriminate lesions.