Self-examination allows you to become familiar with the shape of your own breasts. Thus, a patient can be alert to any change and notify their doctor, who will assess the next steps. Self-examination should be carried out periodically between the 5th and the 8th day of the menstrual cycle. If you donot have a period, you can do it the first days of each month, as follows:
The woman stands in front of the mirror to look for possible anomalies of one breast compared to the other. For many women, it is normal to experience changes, tension, or even pain in the breasts during their period. It is also common for one breast to be larger than the other, or for the breasts to have different shapes. This profile inspection should be carried out on both sides, byexamining each breast separately.
Inspection in the “hanging breasts” position, raising the arms, to detect any anomaly on the surface of the breast.
Inspection of the nipple and areolar unit, paying close attention to the possible existence of skin changes or spontaneous effusions. The area of the areola and nipple should be explored with the index finger and thumb, applying light and gentle pressure to reveal effusions or other abnormalities.
The area of the upper external quadrant and axillary cavity requires greater attention as it is the region with the greatest amount of glandular tissue.
Palpation of the external quadrants. The ideal position is lying down, feeling the outer quadrants completely with the palm and fingertips. The internal quadrants should also be explored gently, from the clavicle to the lower sulcus of the breast and always with the hand opposite to the breast being explored.
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